post harvest equipment

Practical No. 1 Acquaintance with different postharvest and food processing equipment and machinery

Title: Acquaintance with different postharvest and food processing equipment and machinery used in postharvest technology of horticultural crops.

postharvest equipment
postharvest equipment

Postharvest machines/food processing equipment are used for handling and processing the fruits/vegetables/food materials in food factory. These machines are useful in various unit operations such as preparation of food slices/pulping, mixing, cooking, cooling, packaging and storage of different fruits/vegetables etc.

The main objective of this practical article is to make students familiarize about various food processing equipment.

Objectives:

  • 1) To identify different food processing equipment and machinery used in post harvest technology laboratory.
  • 2) To understand principles and methods to use these food processing equipment and machinery.

  • Materials required:
  • Food processing equipment and machinery used in Postharvest Technology laboratory for processing, packaging and quality analysis.
  • Procedure:
  • 1) Identify the food processing equipment and machinery, note down the typical feature about its shape, size, capacity etc.
  • 2) Note down the principle of their functioning.
  • 3) Learn how to use the food processing equipment and machinery.

Observe the equipment/machinery in laboratory and write principle of working and use.

OBSERVATIONS:

Sr NoName of postharvest machinery and food processing equipmentPrinciple of functioningUse of Equipment/Machinery
1Vernier caliper
2Fruit penetrometer
3Hand Refractometer
4Screw type juice extractor (Hand operated)
5Screw type juice extractor (Power operated)
6Fruit mill
7Hydraulic press
8Pulper
9Tray dryer
10Autoclave
11Hot water bath
12Oil expeller
13Decorticator
14Spectrophotometer
15Soxhlet apparatus
16Vacuum packaging machine

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